To add authentication to one of your endpoints create the OIDCAuthentication object:

from flask import Flask

from flask_pyoidc import OIDCAuthentication
from flask_pyoidc.provider_configuration import ProviderConfiguration

app = Flask(__name__)
    OIDC_REDIRECT_URI = 'https://example.com/redirect_uri',
    SECRET_KEY = ...

# Static Client Registration
# If you have already registered a client with the provider, specify the client
# credentials directly:
client_metadata = ClientMetadata(

provider_config = ProviderConfiguration(issuer='<issuer URL of provider>',

auth = OIDCAuthentication({'default': provider_config}, app)

You can also use a Flask application factory:

config = ProviderConfiguration(...)
auth = OIDCAuthentication({'default': config})

def create_app():
    app = Flask(__name__)
        OIDC_REDIRECT_URI = 'https://example.com/redirect_uri',
        SECRET_KEY = ...
    return app

OpenID Connect

To add user authentication via an OpenID Connect provider to your endpoints use the oidc_auth decorator:

import flask
from flask import jsonify
from flask_pyoidc.user_session import UserSession

def index():
    user_session = UserSession(flask.session)
    return jsonify(access_token=user_session.access_token,

After a successful login, this extension will place three things in the user session (if they are received from the provider):

In addition to this documentation, you may have a look on a code example.

Token-Based Authorization

To add token-based authorization to your endpoints use the token_auth decorator. It authorizes requests to your endpoint with Bearer tokens in the Authorization header.

The token-based authorization is backed by token introspection so make sure the Identity Provider’s introspection endpoint is configured.

provider_metadata = ProviderMetadata(

def api():
    current_token_identity = auth.current_token_identity

# Optionally, you can specify scopes required by your endpoint.
                 scopes_required=['read', 'write'])
def api():
    current_token_identity = auth.current_token_identity

To obtain information about the token, use auth.current_token_identity inside your view function. current_token_identity persists for current request only.

Combined Authorization

If you want to apply both OIDC-based authentication and token-based authorization on your endpoint, you can use access_control decorator. Then the request will first be checked for a valid access token (in the Authorization header). If there is no token in the request it will fall back to the OIDC-based authentication mechanism.

If there is a token in the request but it’s invalid (e.g. expired, or missing required scopes) the request will be rejected with a 403 Forbidden response.

# If you are using Static Provider Configuration, add introspection_endpoint
# in ProviderMetadata.
provider_metadata = ProviderMetadata(

def api():
    current_identity = None
    if auth.current_token_identity:
        current_identity = auth.current_token_identity
        current_identity = UserSession(flask.session)

Using multiple providers

To allow users to login with multiple different providers, configure all of them in the OIDCAuthentication constructor and specify which one to use by name for each endpoint:

auth = OIDCAuthentication({'provider1': ProviderConfiguration(...), 'provider2': ProviderConfiguration(...)}, app)

def login1():

def login2():

User logout

To support user logout, use the oidc_logout decorator:

def logout():
    return "You've been successfully logged out!"

If the logout view is mounted under a custom endpoint (other than the default, which is the name of the view function), or if using Blueprints, you must specify the full URL in the Flask-pyoidc configuration using post_logout_redirect_uris:

ClientMetadata(..., post_logout_redirect_uris=['https://example.com/post_logout']) # if using static client registration
ClientRegistrationInfo(..., post_logout_redirect_uris=['https://example.com/post_logout']) # if using dynamic client registration 

This extension also supports RP-Initiated Logout, if the provider allows it. Make sure the end_session_endpoint is defined in the provider metadata to enable notifying the provider when the user logs out.

Refreshing the user access token

If the provider returns a refresh token, this extension can use it to automatically refresh the access token when it has expired. Please see the helper method OIDCAuthentication.valid_access_token().

Specify the error view

If an OAuth error response is received, either in the authentication or token response, it will be passed to the “error view”, specified using the error_view decorator:

from flask import jsonify

def error(error=None, error_description=None):
 return jsonify({'error': error, 'message': error_description})

The function specified as the error view MUST accept two parameters, error and error_description, which corresponds to the OIDC error parameters, and return the content that should be displayed to the user.

If no error view is specified, a generic error message will be displayed to the user.

Client Credentials Flow

The Client Credentials grant type can be used to obtain an access token for your service (outside the context of a user).

You can obtain such an access token by using the client_credentials_grant method:

token_response = auth.clients['default'].client_credentials_grant()
access_token = token_response.get('access_token')

# Optionally, you can specify scopes for the access token.
    scope=['read', 'write'])
# You can also specify extra keyword arguments to client credentials flow.
    scope=['read', 'write'], audience=['client_id1', 'client_id2'])